• 27 FEB 13
    Lipid Blood Tests

    Lipid Blood Tests

    Total Cholesterol:

    Associated with risk of heart and blood vessel disease.

     Target Values:

    . 75 – 169 mg/dl for ages 20 and younger

    . 100-199 mg/dl for ages over 21

    Preparation:

    The test could be carried out anytime of the day without fasting. If the test is performed as a part of total lipid profile, 12 hours fasting (no food or drink, except water) is required. It is recommended to wait at least two months after a heart attack, surgery, infection, injury or pregnancy to get more accurate results of cholesterol levels.

     

    High Density Lipoprotein (HDL) “ Friendly Cholesterol”

    HDL transports the excess cholesterol in the blood to the liver.High levels of HDL are good news! The higher the levels are, the lesser is the risk of developing heart and blood vessel disease.

     Target Values:

    . More than 40 mg/dl

    Preparation:

    The test could be carried out anytime of the day without fasting. If the test is performed as a part of total lipid profile, 12 hours fasting (no food or drink, except water) is required. It is recommended to wait at least two months after a heart attack, surgery, infection, injury or pregnancy to get more accurate results of HDL levels.

     

    Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL) “ Undesired Cholesterol”:

    LDL takes cholesterol from the blood and allows it to enter into the cells. Increased levels are associated with risk of heart and blood vessel disease, including coronary artery disease, heart attack and death. Management of high LDL levels is a big target for cholesterol-lowering medications.

     Target Values:

    . Less than 70 mg/dl for individuals with heart or blood vessel disease and individuals with increased risk of heart disease

    . Less than 100 mg/dl for increased risk of heart disease

    . Less than 130 mg/dl for individuals with low risk of coronary artery disease

    Preparation:

    Sample should be drawn after 12 hours fasting (no food or drink, except water). It is recommended to wait at least two months after a heart attack, surgery, infection, injury or pregnancy to get more accurate results of LDL levels.

     

    Triglycerides (TG):

    Increased in diabetic or obese individuals. Eating simple sugars and drinking alcohol elevate the levels of triglycerides. It is related to heart and blood vessel disease.

     Target Values:

    . Less than 150 mg/dl

    Preparation:

    Sample should be drawn after 12 hours fasting (no food or drink, except water). It is recommended to wait at least two months after a heart attack, surgery, infection, injury or pregnancy to get more accurate results of triglyceride levels.